Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt
The present Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt is the result of the revolutionary events which led to the resignation of Hosni Mubarak as President of Egypt on February 11, 2011, following several weeks of mass demonstrations against his regime throughout the country. Egyptians took to the streets in unprecedented numbers to protest poor economic growth, rapidly deteriorating living conditions, widespread police brutality and endemic corruption among public officials. As the protests continued unabated for several weeks and attempts of the regime to quell the unrest through a combination of vague promises of reform and brutal intimidation of demonstrators failed, the leadership of the Egyptian armed forces decided to withdraw their support from the Mubarak regime and to assume power in the form of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF). The declaration of the SCAF of February 11 in which it announced that it had taken over from Mubarak and would stay in power only until a new civilian government was elected later in the year.
Learn more of the history behind the current Egyptian constitution, including the 2012 constitution and Morsi presidency, with a freely available commentary by Rainer Grote or read the full Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt.
By Jonathan Rashad (Flickr) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons