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Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt

On January 18, 2014, the new Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt entered into force. The adoption of the new Constitution concludes a turbulent period in Egyptian constitutional history which started with the successful uprising of the protesters in Tahrir Square against the Mubarak regime in early 2011, followed by a bumpy transition period which culminated in the triumph of the Muslim Brotherhood in both the parliamentary and presidential elections of 2012. However, the Constitution adopted on November 30, 2012 by a constituent assembly dominated by the Muslim Brothers and their allies was in force for only six months before it was suspended following the overthrow of the Morsi government by intervention of the armed forces after weeks of civil unrest in early July 2013. This update publishes the current 2014 Constitution as well as the texts of the Constitutional Declarations of 2012 and 2013, which governed the transition periods following the fall of the Mubarak regime and the overthrow of President Morsi, respectively. The Introductory Note analyzes the turbulent and complex process which led to the adoption of the new document.

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