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Bill of Rights 1689

Is there a divine right of kings or are the powers of government conferred on the community as a whole, represented by the King and the House of Lords and House of Commons? That framed the constitutional struggles concerning the respective roles and powers of the monarch and of parliament in seventeenth century England. Amidst the backdrop of military and constitutional crises surrounding the struggle to reframe England’s monarchical government into the absolutist model of the rest of Europe, England established a lasting model of parliamentary monarchy based on the principle of the sovereignty of Parliament. In Bill of Rights (1689), Rainer Grote discusses the background and drafting of this key constitutional document, its salient features and content, and its evolution and impact on constitutional law over the centuries. This article is one of seven new articles published in the May update of MPECCoL.

Launched in 2017 and overseen by editors Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Rüdiger Wolfrum, Dr. Frauke Lachenmann (Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law), and Prof. Dr. Rainer Grote (Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law), the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law provides a high level of analytic coverage of constitutional law topics in a comparative context. The encyclopedia articles—modeled on those in the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law—address a focused range of topics that seek to provide the best coverage of the essence, character, development, and history of constitutional law from a global perspective.

The following articles have been made freely available to offer further insight into the range and depth of this new resource:

Bill of Rights (1689)
Constitutional Court of Colombia (Corte Constitucional de Colombia)
Higher Education
Relation of Constitutional Courts / Supreme Courts to ECtHR
State Action Doctrine

Site News

June 13, 2018

May 2018 Update

7 new articles have been added to MPECCoL, taking the total to 136.

May 10, 2018

April 2018 update

4 new articles have been added to MPECCoL, taking the total to 129.

April 4, 2018

March 2018 Update

Eight new articles have been added to MPECCoL, taking the total to 125.

March 8, 2018

February 2018 Update

Six new articles have been added to MPECCoL, taking the total to 117.