What, or who, is a Citizen?
From the ancient Greek notions that man is a political animal and that being a citizen is one who participates in the rights of judging and governing to the more liberal Roman notions that defined citizen as a legal status, carrying with it a right to certain things, the definition of and therefore the rights afforded to such a citizen has never been more important a concept, especially in the current day crises of refugees from across the globe. In his article, Citizenship, Asem Khalil provides a much needed comparative overview of the meaning and purpose of citizenship, discusses how one loses and gains citizenship across several jurisdictional examples, offers a look at how the courts have had a role in dealing with the many challenges of citizenship, and finally presents several key issues and questions that need to be tackled by jurisdictions and their courts.
This highly relevant article is one of six new articles published in the June update of MPECCoL.
Launched in 2017 and overseen by editors Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Rüdiger Wolfrum, Dr. Frauke Lachenmann (Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law), and Prof. Dr. Rainer Grote (Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law), the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law provides a high level of analytic coverage of constitutional law topics in a comparative context. The encyclopedia articles address a focused range of topics that seek to provide the best coverage of the essence, character, development, and history of constitutional law from a global perspective.
The following articles have been made freely available to offer further insight into the range and depth of this new resource: