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Since the “Tulip Revolution” of 2005, the Kyrgyz Republic has lived through an almost permanent political and constitutional crisis. A new constitution was approved by referendum on October 21, 2007, but that did not quell protests amidst widely perceived elections as “rigged” in 2007 and 2009 driven by public dissatisfaction with deteriorating living standards and endemic government corruption. After having tried unsuccessfully to curb the protest by imposing a state of emergency, President Bakiyev was finally forced to leave Kyrgyzstan on April 15, 2010. The Interim Government under the leadership of the former Foreign Secretary Roza Otunbayeva quickly resolved that a new Constitution was needed in order to restore stable government and to mark a clear break with the country’s authoritarian past. The draft Constitution which introduced for the first time a parliamentary system of government in the Kyrgyz Republic was approved by nationwide referendum on June 27, 2010.

Now six years later, as the Kyrgyz Parliament attempts to start the process of addressing much needed amendments to the constitution, we look back at our English translation of the text of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic of June 27, 2010 and the accompanying Introductory Note commentary on the constitutional developments leading up to that post-authoritarian constitution.

Image credit: By Ua1-136-500 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons 

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