Jump to Content Jump to Main Navigation


Constitution of the Russian Federation

Coat of Arms of the Russian FederationAfter remaining largely untouched for the first two decades of its existence, the Constitution of the Russian Federation of December 12, 1993 has been the object of several amendments since the beginning of 2014. The most controversial of these amendments paved the way for the incorporation of the Crimean peninsula among the subjects of the Russian Federation, following that region's break-away from neighboring Ukraine (on March 16, 2014) in the wake of political crisis triggered by the downfall of the government of President Victor Yanukovych.

The move attracted harsh criticism, especially from the West, and triggered economic sanctions from both the European Union and the United States. Other constitutional reforms concerned the merger of the Commercial Arbitration Court with the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation and the reform of the Federation Council to include representatives of the Russian Federation in the upper chamber that are appointed and dismissed by the President of the Russian Federation.

This release includes the updated text of the Russian constitution with all amendments up to July 22, 2014 and a revised Introductory Note that puts the recent amendments, and the legal implications of the Crimean crisis, into context. The 1994 Federal Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation and an updated Select Bibliography complete the release.

Image by Федеральный конституционный закон. Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

Site News

March 31, 2015

March Update Live

19 updated and 3 new constitutional and commentary documents added to OCW

February 24, 2015

February Update Live

2 updated constitutions and 2 new historical constitutions covering 3 jurisdictions added to OCW

February 10, 2015

January Update Live

 1 updated constitution added to OCW

December 23, 2014

December Update Live

10 updated constitutions and additional commentary documents added to OCW




Forgotten your password?

2,500+ Documents

203 Countries

215 Subnational Jurisdictions

All Available in English


Watch the video: