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South Korea     

On December 9, the South Korean National Assembly voted to impeach President Park Geun-Hye. On Thursday, December 22, the South Korean Constitutional Court held its first preparatory hearing in the trial of the impeached president. Upon what power can these bodies of government conduct this impeachment? Article 65 of the country’s current constitution (the Constitution of the Republic of Korea: July 12, 1948, as Amended to October 29, 1987) authorizes the National Assembly to pass a motion of impeachment against the president (as well as, among others, against members of parliament, justices of the Constitutional Court, and heads of executive ministries) and provides for the terms of the impeachment. Article 111 gives the Constitutional Court jurisdiction over impeachments. And, Article 113 requires a concurrence of six or more justices of the Constitutional Court to decide on the impeachment.

Learn more about the history and development of the South Korean Constitution by reading the Introductory Note commentary to the constitution.

Image credit: By Anne Dirkse (Own work) [CC BY-SA 2.5], via Wikimedia Commons 

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