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The Kingdom of Spain: National Territories: Introductory Note »

Philip Raworth
Edited By: Philip Raworth
The struggle between regional nationalism and Castilian centralism, which has long been a source of conflict in Spain, came to a head in the twentieth century. With the fall of the Monarchy in 1931, the new Republic, under the impetus of the leftist forces in Spain, gave autonomy to Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque Country. This, and other left-wing policies, pushed the Army to attempt to seize power on July 18, 1936. The attempt failed but plunged Spain into a bloody civil war. Eventually, in 1939, the right-wing forces under General Francisco Franco emerged...

Law No. 8/1991 on the Organization of the Administration of the Principality of Asturias (as Amended to 1999) (Spain [es]) Law No 8/1991 »

Edited By: Philip Raworth
1. The highest bodies of the Administration of the Principality of Asturias are the Governing Council, its President and the Ministers. 2. The other bodies of the Administration of the Principality of Asturias are subordinate to the President of the Governing Council or the responsible Minister. The Governing Council is the collective body that directs the policy of the region and the administration of the Principality of Asturias. It has the right to initiate legislation, carry out executive and administrative functions and exercise the regulatory power that is...

Organic Law No. 7/1981 on the Statute of Autonomy for the Principality of Asturias (as Amended to 2002) (Spain [es]) Law No 7/1981 »

Edited By: Philip Raworth
1. Asturias is constituted as an Autonomous Community in accordance with the Constitution [1] and this Statute which is its basic institutional law. [1] References to the “Constitution” are to the Spanish Constitution of 1978. 2. The Autonomous Community, which is an historical community constituted through the exercise of the right of self-government granted by the Constitution, is called the Principality of Asturias. [2] [2] This Autonomous Community bears the name of “Principality” as the title of the heir to the Spanish throne is “Prince of the Asturias.” The...

Organic Law No. 7/1981 on the Statute of Autonomy for the Principality of Asturias (Spain [es]) Law No 7/1981 »

Edited By: Philip Raworth
DON JUAN CARLOS I, KING OF SPAIN MAKE KNOWN TO ALL WHO HAVE SIGHT OR HEARING OF THIS TEXT THAT THE CORTES GENERALES HAVE PASSED THE FOLLOWING ORGANIC LAW TO WHICH WE HAVE GIVEN OUR ASSENT. 1. The Asturias hereby constitute themselves an Autonomous Community in accordance with the Constitution and this Statute which shall be its fundamental rule of establishment. 2. The name of the Autonomous Community is the Principality of the Asturias. The territory of the Principality of the Asturias consists of the municipalities within the administrative boundaries of the...

The Principality of Asturias: Introductory Note »

Philip Raworth
Edited By: Philip Raworth
Like all of Spain, Asturias was overrun by the Moors in 711AD, [1] but, unlike the rest of Spain, it resisted the conquerors and, under the Visigoth Pelayo, established an independent kingdom in 718. In 750, Asturias annexed Galicia and expanded southwards. In 939, King Ramiro II inflicted a crushing defeat on the Moors at Simancas and between 850 and 950 the size of the kingdom doubled. Thus, it is fair to say that the Asturians are the creators of post-Moorish Spain. However, with their conquests, the capital moved further south to Leon, and the Asturian...