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Australia Act (No.142 of 1985): December 4, 1985 (Australia [au]) Act No 142 of 1985 »

Edited By: Gisbert H. Flanz
An Act to bring constitutional arrangements affecting the Commonwealth and the States into conformity with the status of the Commonwealth of Australia as a sovereign, independent and federal nation WHEREAS the Prime Minister of the Commonwealth and the Premiers of the States at conferences held in Canberra on 24 and 25 June 1982 and 21 June 1984 agreed on the taking of certain measures to bring constitutional arrangements affecting the Commonwealth and the States into conformity with the status of the Commonwealth of Australia as a sovereign, independent and...

Commonwealth of Australia: Dependencies: Introductory Note »

Philip Raworth
Edited By: Philip Raworth
Australia has seven overseas dependencies that are called territories. Three of these territories are uninhabited (Ashmore & Cartier Islands, Coral Seas Islands and the Heard & McDonald Island), one is used predominantly as a base for scientific research (the Australian Antarctic Territory) and the other three have small populations (Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island). Since the establishment of the Australian federation on January 1, 1901, the national government has assumed responsibility for the administration of ten overseas...

Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act: July 9, 1900 (as Amended to October 31, 1986) (United Kingdom [gb]) 1900 c.12 (63 & 64 Vict) »

Constitution of Australia »

Edited By: Gisbert H. Flanz
[9th July 1900] WHEREAS the people of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, and Tasmania, humbly relying on the blessing of Almighty God, have agreed to unite in one indissoluble Federal Commonwealth under the Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and under the Constitution hereby established: And whereas it is expedient to provide for the admission into the Commonwealth of other Australasian Colonies and possessions of the Queen: Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent...

Coral Sea Islands Territory: Introductory Note »

Philip Raworth
Edited By: Philip Raworth
The Coral Islands Territory is a group of islands and reefs, sometimes little more than sandbanks, covering an area of 780,000 square kilometers of sea. It is located off the northeast coastline of Australia between the Great Barrier Reef and 157 degrees, 10 minutes east longitude. The islands are small and divided into two groups. Those to the northwest include Flinders Reef, Herald Cays, Holmes Reefs, Bougainville Reef, Osprey Reef and Willis Island. Those to the southeast include Cato Island, Frederick Reef and Saumarez Reef. There are no permanent inhabitants...

Heard Island and McDonald Islands Territory: Introductory Note »

Philip Raworth
Edited By: Philip Raworth
The islands known as Heard Island and McDonald Islands comprise all the islands and rocks lying within the area bounded by the parallels 52 degrees 30 minutes and 53 degrees 30 minutes south latitude and the meridians 72 degrees and 74 degrees 30 minutes east longitude. They are a volcanic group of barren and uninhabited islands that lie two-thirds of the way between Madagascar and Antarctica and 4,099 kilometers southwest of Perth. They cover an area of 372 square kilometers (144 square miles). They are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Islands were discovered...

Jervis Bay Territory: Introductory Note »

Philip Raworth
Edited By: Philip Raworth
The Jervis Bay Territory was originally part of the State of New South Wales, but it was purchased by the Commonwealth of Australia [1] in order to provide the Federal capital of Canberra with an access to the sea. It lies 195 kilometers (122 miles) from Sydney and comprises a surface area of 67 square kilometers (26 square miles). It has a population of around 600. Constitutionally, as a region acquired by the Commonwealth, the Jervis Bay Territory is controlled by the Federal government under Section 122 of the Commonwealth Constitution. As a result, executive...

Letters Patent Relating to the Office of Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia: August 21, 1984 (Australia [au]) »

Edited By: Gisbert H. Flanz
ELIZABETH THE SECOND, by the Grace of God Queen of Australia and Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Greeting: WHEREAS, by the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia , certain powers, functions and authorities are vested in a Governor-General appointed by the Queen to be Her Majesty's representative in the Commonwealth: AND WHEREAS, by Letters Patent dated 29 October 1900, as amended, provision was made in relation to the office of Governor-General: AND WHEREAS, by section 4 of the Constitution of the Commonwealth , the provisions of...

Northern Territory: Introductory Note »

Philip Raworth
Edited By: Philip Raworth
The Northern Territory is a self-governing Federal territory of the Commonwealth of Australia. It lies in the north-central part of the country. It is bordered on the north by the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Carpentana, on the east by the State of Queensland, on the south by the State of South Australia and on the west by the State of Western Australia. It has an overall surface area of 1,420,970 square kilometers (548,640 square miles), of which 5.05% is water. The Territory is sparsely populated with a population of only 227,025. The capital is...

Proclamation Declaring Establishment of Commonwealth: September 17, 1900 (United Kingdom [gb]) »

Edited By: Gisbert H. Flanz
( Imperial Statutory Rules and Orders, Revised 1948, Vol. II., Australia, p. 1027.) 1900 No. 722. AT THE COURT AT BALMORAL, The 17th day of September, 1900. PRESENT: The Queen's Most Excellent Majesty in Council. The following Draft Proclamation was this day read at the Board and approved:- A. W. FITZROY. WHEREAS by an Act of Parliament passed in the sixty-third and sixty-fourth years of Our Reign intituled, "An Act to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia ," it is enacted that it shall be lawful for the Queen, with the advice of the Privy Council, to declare...

The State of Queensland: Introductory Note »

Philip Raworth
Edited By: Philip Raworth
The State of Queensland is situated in the north-east of Australia. It is bordered on the north by the Torres Strait, on the east by the Coral Sea and the Pacific Ocean, on the south by South Australia and New South Wales and on the west by South Australia, the Northern Territory and the Gulf of Carpentaria. With a population of 4,516,642 it is the third most populous of the six Australian states, and with a surface area of 1,852,642 square kilometres (715,309 square miles) it is the second largest. The State was named in honor of Queen Victoria. The capital is...