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Content Collection: Most Popular MPECCoL Articles

Since April 2017, the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law (MPECCoL) has provided academics and scholars with unparalleled access to articles offering the best analysis of the essence, character, development, and history of constitutional law from a global perspective and in a comparative context.

Having launched with a collection of 70 articles, the online Encyclopedia has since more than doubled in size and continues to expand on a monthly basis.

To celebrate the success of this important new online product, we have collated the most popular articles contained within MPECCoL and made them freely available for a limited time only:

Autochthonous Constitutions (Back to top)
Particularly important in the development and alteration of British Commonwealth state constitutions, an autochthonous constitution is one that finds its roots in the nation it represents rather than in those of an external authority. Read on to discover the history of the term and how it has been implemented around the world.

Ottoman Constitution of 1876 (Back to top)
Heralding the modernization of the armed forces and civilian bureaucracy within the Muslim world, the Ottoman Constitution of 1876 also introduced a more modern taxation system, secular education, and a number of secular laws. Learn more about this transformative constitution and how it was implemented.

Secession (Back to top)
What happens when part of an existing state wishes to break away and claim independence, and where can we see examples of the repercussions of attempting to enact secession? With Catalonia making global headlines for such a move in Spain, this article provides insightful context on the process and the obstacles it may encounter.

Presidential Systems (Back to top)
First referred to in the American Constitution of 1787, the presidential system of government is now the most common and popular system of government in the world. Find about its unique characteristics, the types of power it bestows upon a given president, and advantages and disadvantages of employing the system.

Supranational Constitutional Courts (Back to top)
What defines a supranational constitutional court, what gives it legitimacy, and what challenges does it face? In a world of ever-increasing globalization, these questions are more pressing than ever; read on to learn the answers.

Parliamentary Privilege (Back to top)
Parliamentary privilege (or ‘immunity’) was initially introduced with the intention to safeguard legislative bodies and their members’ ability to work, and to avoid legislative decisions being influenced by extraneous motives and pressures. Examine the origins of this concept, the similarities and contrasts of enactment in different countries and nation states, and criticisms levelled at the existence of parliamentary privilege.

Impeachment (Back to top)
The notion of impeachment is a regular feature in news headlines, but under what grounds can a public official be impeached, and how does this vary in different parts of the globe? This article offers a history of the term and what the possible outcomes of impeachment might be.

Data Protection (Back to top)
Issues around data protection have reached fever pitch in recent years as the dissemination of information of every order becomes faster. To protect citizens from privacy breaches and freedoms being compromised as result of data exploitation, more than 100 countries have adopted comprehensive data protection laws, but they vary from location to location.

Imposed Constitutions (constitutions octroyées) (Back to top)
The concept of an imposed constitution may be relatively self-explanatory, but it contains many nuances. Examine the historical development of imposed constitutions with this article, which draws on case studies from France, Germany, Japan, and the British Empire.

Express Recognition of Deity in Constitutions (Back to top)
This article examines the impact and implications of recognising a deity within a constitution. The acknowledgement can either appear with reference to a specific religion or as a more generic term that could take on different meanings depending religious, historical, and social contexts.

To find out more about the extensive resources offered by MPECCoL and to see a full list of currently available articles, click here.