- Bill of rights — Hate speech — Collective rights — Individual rights — Fundamental rights — Vulnerable groups
1. ‘Hate speech’ consists of verbal or non-verbal communication that involves hostility directed towards particular social groups, most often on the grounds of race and ethnicity (racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, etc), gender (sexism, misogyny), sexual orientation (homophobia, transphobia), age (ageism), disability (ableism), etc. (see discrimination ; racial discrimination ; gender discrimination ; LGBTI rights ; age discrimination ). 2. The most cited book on freedom of expression in Anglo-American constitutional doctrine, John Stuart Mill’s 1859 treatise ‘On...