Rigid (Entrenched) / Flexible Constitutions
- Amendment or revision — Form and substance of constitution — Types of constitutions
Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1. The terms rigid/flexible constitution are opposites signifying how constitutions can be revised and the extent to which they are able to adjust to changing circumstances (see amendment or revision of constitutions ). 2. A modern constitution is a set of written provisions or norms enacted by political actors, which define the framework and structure of the governmental machine, regulate the allocation of powers in the state, and, in most cases, contain the citizens’ fundamental rights , which the political actors pledge to respect and enforce ( Pasquino (2012)...