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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Express Recognition of Deity in Constitutions

Jaclyn L Neo

Subject(s):
Constitutional mention of God or other deities — Official religion — Christianity — Islam — Status of religious law

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. A significant number of countries explicitly or indirectly recognize deity or God in their constitutions. Express recognition may be found in either the preamble and/or the operative text. There is indirect recognition of deity when the constitution refers to a religion, a religious institution, or designates that the head of state must be a member of a specific religion (see also relation of religion to state and society ). Such arrangements implicitly associate the constitution with deity, since at their core religions proclaim some belief in the divine. 2. A...
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