Freedom of Trade and Commerce
Gonzalo Villalta Puig
- Commerce and trade — General welfare
Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1. The freedom of trade and commerce is a constitutional norm that conceives the sale and purchase of goods and services among or within sovereign states and customs territories as an exchange without government discrimination. As such, it constitutionalizes the political economy of jurisdictions. 2. Economic constitutions ( economic constitution ) codify this norm either as a right to economic freedom or as a principle of free trade. If the freedom of trade and commerce is in the form of a right, then the right is an individual right of merchants and producers—a...