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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Types of Federalism

Nicholas Aroney

Subject(s):
Delegated powers — Political philosophy of federalism — Types of federalism

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. It is commonplace today to distinguish between federalism conceived as a normative or ideological commitment to the federal principle, ‘federal systems’ as forms of government in which the federal principle is instantiated, and a wide array of particular kinds of federal system ( King 19–21 ; Elazar (1987) 38–64 ; Watts 8 ). Among these specific kinds, a historically significant distinction has often been drawn between ‘federations’ and ‘confederations’ ( Sawer 8 ; Lister 1 ; Hueglin and Fenna (2015) 19–21 ; Kincaid (2011) vol. I, 4; Halberstam 578–83;...
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