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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Impeachment

Ronald Ray K San Juan, Bryan Dennis G Tiojanco

Subject(s):
Impeachment — Removal of officials

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. Impeachment is a formal proceeding instituted by a public body (usually the legislature) for determining through a trial whether a public official—usually although not necessarily high ranking, and who has a fixed term of office or protected tenure—must be either removed from office or held accountable in other ways. The word impeachment means ‘accusation’ or ‘charge’ ( Black 5 ) and pertains, in most jurisdictions, to the indictment stage of the entire proceeding. After a public official is impeached, trial follows to determine their guilt or innocence. 2....
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