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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

The Judiciary

Norikazu Kawagishi

Subject(s):
Judicial review — Judicial independence — Judicial power

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. The judiciary is the department of the governmental organization of a state that is authorized to adjudicate disputes through interpreting and applying law. The role the judiciary and judges are expected to play in a legal regime varies from one legal culture to another. 2. There are two particularly influential ideal types of modern legal system in the world: the civil law model and the common law model. Judicial power in a civil law system is generally limited to civil and criminal cases, with administrative cases being dealt with by special institutions,...
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