- Civil and political rights — Collective rights — Individual rights — Universalism
Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1. The concept of universalism is used in various contexts and with different meanings. Its use is not limited to the sphere of ethics and law. In law, universalism can have a formal and a material meaning. In the formal sense, it means that a certain legal norm is applicable to all legal subjects. For example, in the case of universal human rights protection, these rights are regarded to be applicable to all human beings. In the material sense, the term means that legal norms are justifiably regarded as legitimate and are consequently valid and binding for...