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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Supreme Court of Israel (Beit Ha Mishpat Ha Elyon)

Suzie Navot

Constitutions and international law — Powers and jurisdiction of constitutional courts/supreme courts

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Israel has no one document known as ‘The Constitution’, and therefore, no specific ‘Constitutional Court’. For nearly half a century, Israel’s legal structure was based on the principle of parliamentary sovereignty . But since the ‘constitutional revolution’ of the nineties—the enactment of basic laws on human rights and the monumental judicial decision of the Mizrahi Bank Case (Isr) ( United Mizrahi Bank Ltd v Migdal Cooperative Village )—Israel is considered a constitutional democracy. The supreme norms are expressed in its basic laws; the powers of the...
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