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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Constitutional Court of Taiwan (Judicial Yuan)

Taiwan (disputed) [tw]

Wen-Chen Chang

Subject(s):
Judicial review — Powers and jurisdiction of constitutional courts/supreme courts — Judicial power
1. Taiwan’s Constitutional Court, also known as the Council of Grand Justices, stands as one of the oldest constitutional courts in the world. Established in 1948 under the Republic of China Constitution (hereinafter ROC Constitution or Constitution), the Constitutional Court has been confronted with challenges in the ensuing periods of government relocation from the Chinese mainland to Taiwan since 1949, decades-long authoritarian governance prior to the late 1980s, democratization and constitutional reforms during the 1990s, and partisan politics in the context...
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