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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Magna Carta (1215)

Rainer Grote

Subject(s):
Bill of Rights (1689) — Magna Carta — Supremacy — Egalitarianism — Justice — Citizens' duties — Citizens' rights — Absolutism — Bill of rights — Civil and political rights — Limitations on rights — Theories of rights

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. Magna Carta is the name of a document originally issued by King John of England (1199–1216), also known by his nickname John Lackland, on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede near London in which he committed himself and his successors to using the royal powers in the manner specifically defined in the Carta in order to end a rebellion by the barons of England against his rule. The rebellion was triggered by the military setbacks King John suffered in France in an attempt to defend his territories against King Philipp II of France, forcing him to exploit his royal...
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