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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Rights

James R May, Erin Daly

Environmental rights — Universalism

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. Environmental rights are a primary facet of ‘environmental constitutionalism’ which entails the adoption or amendment of constitutional texts so as to advance rights to environmental entitlement, stewardship, duties, commodities, information, and process ( May and Daly (2015) ). Environmental constitutionalism represents a turn toward rights-based approaches to environmental protection. Boyd reports that as of 2012, the constitutions of 147 of the 193 members of the United Nations address environmental matters in some form, a number that continues to advance...
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