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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Data Protection

Fruzsina Molnár-Gábor

Subject(s):
Data protection — Dignity and autonomy of individuals — Right to access to information — Right to privacy

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Data can be defined in a broad sense as material for the purpose of analysis. Information generally refers to what results from data analysis through interpretation (Taylor 41). Because of the data’s potential to provide a large quantity of diverse information on whom data is about, it is not primarily data itself that has to be protected, but the data subject. Personal data protection aims to protect the individuals from whom data originates, in particular to protect their rights and freedoms which may be compromised as a result of their data being applied in...
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