Part 1 Power and Legitimacy, 1.5 Religious Authorities and Constitutional Reform: The Case of Al-Azhar in Egypt
Rainer Grote, Tilmann J. Röder
Al-Azhar does not only represent the oldest educational system of Egypt, it has also been an influential power in Egyptian politics since its founding in 972 ad . Regularly throughout Egyptian history, critics have been open with their skepticism toward Al-Azhar’s impact when they considered its two main functions, namely Islamic worship and education, being exceeded or misused. Today, Al-Azhar finds itself in an ambivalent position in post-revolutionary Egypt. It is drawn between regaining independence from a secular, military state on the one hand and acting as...