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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Supreme Court of Mexico (Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación)

José Maria Serna de la Garza

Powers and jurisdiction of constitutional courts/supreme courts — Amparo — Due process — Jurisdiction — Justiciability

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. The Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation is the highest court in the land, functioning as the constitutional court of Mexico. The first Constitution of independent Mexico, of 1824, provided for the creation of a Supreme Court, following to some extent the model of the US Constitution. However, it was not until the Constitution of 1857 that the Supreme Court of Mexico started to function with some measure of stability. Jaime Cárdenas Gracia has described the different stages in the evolution of Mexico’s Supreme Court in the following way (Cárdenas 173): 2....
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