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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Bioethics

Fruzsina Molnár-Gábor

Subject(s):
Civil society — Dignity and autonomy of individuals — Euthanasia — Individual rights — Limitations on rights — Fundamental rights

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. Bioethics is a discipline concerned with studying and resolving challenges within the life sciences as understood in a broad sense. Its most important aim is to monitor biopractices which might undermine the values or conditions that underlie all versions of what is termed a moral community ( Brownsword 25 ) and to provide a practical framework for ethical decision-making. This is achieved by monitoring with reference to various sources, including philosophy, religion, history and law ( Schaller 1, 6 ). The term bioethics was coined in 1970 by Van Rensselaer...
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