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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Corruption and Bribery

Chen Siyuan, Sui Yi Siong

Corruption and bribery — Criminal penalties

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. In popular expression, and even in a number of scholarly works, the terms ‘corruption’ and ‘bribery’ have been treated as synonyms with little difference in meaning ( Boersma ). However, as explained below, the two terms do have distinct meanings. 2. The word ‘corruption’ traces its roots to the Latin word corruptus , which means ‘to break’ ( Nicholls ). As explained by the UK Law Commission’s consultation paper ‘Legislating the Criminal Code: Corruption’ (15 January 1997), the verb ‘to corrupt’ means ‘to destroy or pervert the integrity or fidelity of (a...
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