Ireland: Introductory Note
Rainer GroteEdited By: Max Planck Institute
© 2013 Oxford University Press
The Constitution of Ireland of 1937 replaced the Constitution of the Irish Free State which had been established by the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 6, 1921 that put an end to the Irish War of Independence, 1919 to 1921. Under the Agreement, whose major provisions were enshrined in the Constitution of 1922, the Irish Free State had the constitutional status of a self-governing dominion within the British Commonwealth, on a par with Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa. 1 Sovereignty still resided in London, and key monarchical symbols were retained,...