The Kingdom of Belgium: Introductory Note
Rainer GroteEdited By: Max Planck Institute
© 2016 Oxford University Press
The Belgian Constitution dates back to the period when the country became independent from the Northern Netherlands in the revolution of 1830. Following the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the Southern and the Northern Netherlands had been merged into one state to erect a powerful barrier to the renewal of French hegemonic ambitions in the post-Napoleonic era. However, tensions between the South and the North rose as Southern Catholics protested against the interference of the Protestant Dutch King in clerical matters and liberals demanded greater freedom. The two...