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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Civil Servants

Yseult Marique

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 15 July 2024

Administrative agencies — Administrative procedures — Civil Service — Ministries and departments

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum
Managing Editor: Martina Mantovani

1 Civil servants play a major role at the interface between the state and its citizens. They are tasked with implementing and enforcing the legislative will in concrete situations through executive action. The ways in which they perform this task is determinative of how the rule of law is complied with in a given state, even before courts are involved in any litigation. Indeed, as courts are only able to adjudicate a limited number of cases, the majority of administrative action is never reviewed externally. The original administrative action taken by the civil...
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