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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Weimar Constitution (1919)

Germany [de]

Astrid Wiik

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 19 July 2024

Weimar Constitution (1919) — Constitutional interpretation — Constitutional processes — Principles and objectives of constitutions

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum
Managing Editor: Martina Mantovani

1. ‘Weimar Constitution’ is the abbreviated name for the Constitution of the German Reich of 11 August 1919 (hereinafter ‘Weimar Constitution’ or ‘Constitution’). It was the first republican and democratic constitution of Germany. It entered into force on 14 August 1919. Never formally repealed, the Weimar Constitution lost its governing force with its de facto suspension following Hitler’s rise to power. 2. The Weimar Constitution was drafted during an extraordinarily difficult time politically, amidst Germany’s defeat in the First World War, separatist movements...
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