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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Religious Courts

Tanja Herklotz

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 12 April 2024

Subject(s):
Religious courts — Status of decisions of religious tribunals — Religious texts — Religious minorities

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum
Managing Editor: Martina Mantovani

1 Religious courts or religious tribunals are state or non-state dispute settlement fora that base their decisions on religion-based material and procedural laws and whose judges are typically members of the particular religious community whose laws the courts apply. While sharia courts might be the first of such fora that come to mind when hearing the term ‘religious courts’, there also exist Christian, Jewish, and Buddhist courts in both the Global North and the Global South. Religious courts may be established and run by the state or by private religious...
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