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Part 7 International Influences and Interactions, 7.1 The Relationship between International Law and National Law in New and Amended Arab Constitutions

Ali M. El-Haj

From: Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam after the Arab Spring

Rainer Grote, Tilmann J. Röder

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 30 May 2023

Since the onset of the “Arab Spring”,1 several countries in the Middle East and North Africa region have undergone constitutional reform. While in some of these countries new constitutions were introduced—Egypt (2014; 2012), Morocco (2011), Syria (2012), and Tunisia (2014)—in others, such as Bahrain (2012) and Jordan (2011),2 existing constitutions were amended.3 Drafters of constitutional texts need to address a number of questions. One such question is the relationship between international law and the national law of these states.4 This chapter examines the...
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