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II Countries and Regions, 13 France and the Fifth Republic: Constitutional Crisis or Political Malaise?

Nicolas Roussellier

From: Constitutional Democracy in Crisis?

Edited By: Mark A. Graber, Sanford Levinson, Mark Tushnet

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 20 March 2023

France is a country of numerous and rich constitutional experiments. All the modern political regimes of different types have been tried one after another in France. Through the nineteenth century they all were ephemeral, none lasting more than one or two generations (at least until the advent of the Third Republic in 1870–1875). Since the Revolution of 1789, the country displays a long and erratic history of monarchies, empires, and republics. For that “performance,” France certainly deserves the surname of a constitutional and political laboratory. Not only did...
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