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II Countries and Regions, 15 A Coup Against Constitutional Democracy: The Case of Hungary

Gábor Halmai

From: Constitutional Democracy in Crisis?

Edited By: Mark A. Graber, Sanford Levinson, Mark Tushnet

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 30 May 2023

Hungary was one of the first and most thorough political transitions after 1989, which provided all the institutional elements of constitutionalism: checks and balances and guaranteed fundamental rights. Hungary also represents the first, and probably the model case, of constitutional backsliding from a full-fledged liberal democratic system to an illiberal one with strong authoritarian elements. The current Hungarian constitutional system was made possible by FIDESZ’s anti-pluralist nationalist populism. To achieve this aim the populist government misuses the...
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