A defining preoccupation of our time is how to respond to attacks on the integrity of constitutional democracies around the world. From Hungary to Venezuela, from Poland to Turkey, several countries that were once celebrated for their successful democratic transition and consolidation are now leading examples of the fragility of constitutional democracy. Whether defined as democratic “decline,”1 “backsliding,”2 “recession,”3 “retrogression,”4 “decay,”5 “degeneration,”6 “breakdown”7 or otherwise, this increasingly global phenomenon is crying out for diagnosis and...
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