In law, equality is everywhere. But equality (Greek, isotes; Latin, aequitas, aequalitas; French, égalité; German, Gleichheit) is not just a legal issue, as an idea of justice, a principle, or a right. Not least since the French Revolution, equality has also been a political claim, and one of the most controversial ones, oscillating between egalitarianism (associated with Marxism or socialism, but also with the welfare state) and anti-egalitarianism (associated with capitalism, (neo)liberalism, but also with a liberal state). In philosophy, equality is a canonical...
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