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Welcome to the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law

The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law (MPECCoL) provides a high level of analytical coverage of constitutional law topics in a comparative context. MPECCoL articles address a focused range of topics that provide the best coverage of the essence, character, development, and history of constitutional law from a global perspective.


Democracy Collection

To celebrate the International Day of Democracy 2020 (15 September) explore our curated collection of Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law articles, Oxford Constitutions of the World articles, and book chapters covering key issues, jurisdictional perspectives and the essential terminology of Democracy. All content is free to read until 15 December 2020.

See full collection >


In memoriam Judge James Crawford (1948-2021)

With the passing away of Judge James Crawford, the world lost one of its most formidable international lawyers. Born in Australia in 1948, James Richard Crawford had an equally fascinating as rewarding career as scholar, practitioner and judge. Few people, if any, have left their footprint in one lifetime in so many domains of international law. The editorial board of the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, of which he was a member, will dearly miss him as a colleague and friend, as well for his remarkable and outstanding contributions to international law.

Read the full In Memoriam >


Site News

July 29, 2021

In memoriam Judge James Crawford (1948-2021)

With the passing away of Judge James Crawford, the world lost one of its most formidable international lawyers. Born in Australia in 1948, James Richard Crawford had an equally fascinating as rewarding career as a scholar, practitioner and judge. Few people, if any, have left their footprint in one lifetime in so many domains of international law.

July 5, 2021

MPECCoL June 2021 Update

The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law has added 2 new articles to the collection, taking the total to 268.

May 4, 2021

MPECCoL April 2021 Update

For April 2021, 4 new articles have been added to Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, taking the total to 266.

March 15, 2021

MPECCoL February 2021 Update

For February 2021, 4 new articles have been added to Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, taking the total to 262.

Electoral Commission

Barry Solaiman

Freedom of Movement

Peter Thalmann

Egalitarianism

Damir Banović