1. Provisions prohibiting discrimination (‘antidiscrimination provisions’), often as a fundamental right guarantee, are ubiquitous in national constitutions (Namaat, Osin and Porat). These provisions have come to embody a key pillar of the legitimacy of states, alongside democratic government and a commitment to the rule of law. Democratic states that altogether lack a constitutional prohibition on discrimination tend to be exceptional. Australia is one such exception (Kruger v Commonwealth (1997) 190 CLR 1 (HC) (Austl) at 64). This entry concerns...
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