1 A sizeable proportion of the world’s constitutions (54 of 194) guarantee to their citizens equality without regard to ethnicity, and/or expressly prohibit discrimination on the grounds of ethnicity. These and other constitutional provisions designed to protect members of ethnic minorities are closely tied up with the protection of racial and national minorities, to say nothing of linguistic minorities. It is necessary at the outset, then, to get clear on how the concept of an ‘ethnic minority’ is invoked in various constitutions, and on the extent to which these...
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