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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Freedom of Scientific Research

Irene Spigno

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 31 May 2020

Subject(s):
Comparative constitutional law — Education policy — Development

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. Freedom of scientific research is a complex right. It can be defined as the freedom to conduct a ‘systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach conclusions’ (Oxford Dictionary of English (2010) 1510), ‘based on or characterized by the methods and principles of science’ (Oxford Dictionary of English (2010) 1593). 2. Scientific research is a methodical and systematic activity performed through intellectual and, in some cases, experimental activities in order to increase or modify knowledge about a...
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