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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Administrative Agencies

Jud Mathews

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 24 September 2022

Administrative law — Administrative agencies — Administrative procedures — Civil Service — Independent agencies — Ministries and departments

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1 The term ‘administrative agency’ is not one that appears in most constitutions. In some legal systems, ‘agency’ is a legal term of art referring to a specific kind of organizational form within public law. For instance, in the United Kingdom (‘UK’) ‘agency’ typically denotes an administrative subunit established by a ministry and without statutory authorization (Craig 75; ministries and departments; statutory law). It is common in many legal systems to distinguish between governmental ministries on the one hand and agencies on the other. What distinguishes...
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