- Cabinet — Executive independence — Executive power — Parliamentary systems — Absolutism — Monarchy — Presidential systems
Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1 Most of the democratic constitutions worldwide implement a collegial body of government at the head of the executive branch, which is commonly called ‘cabinet’ or ‘council of ministers’. As a constitutional institution, the powers and competences of the cabinet depend particularly on the form of government of the respective state. Primarily in states with parliamentary systems, the cabinet appears both in domestic affairs and in foreign relations as a synonym for the complete government of a state. Especially, the term ‘cabinet’ describes the collegial structure...