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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Cabinet

Frederik Becker

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 15 April 2021

Subject(s):
Cabinet — Executive independence — Executive power — Parliamentary systems — Absolutism — Monarchy — Presidential systems

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1 Most of the democratic constitutions worldwide implement a collegial body of government at the head of the executive branch, which is commonly called ‘cabinet’ or ‘council of ministers’. As a constitutional institution, the powers and competences of the cabinet depend particularly on the form of government of the respective state. Primarily in states with parliamentary systems, the cabinet appears both in domestic affairs and in foreign relations as a synonym for the complete government of a state. Especially, the term ‘cabinet’ describes the collegial structure...
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