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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Checks and Balances

Luca Pietro Vanoni

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 24 September 2020

Subject(s):
Separation of powers — Judicial review — No-confidence vote — Parliamentary systems — Presidential systems — Semi-presidential systems — Checks and balances

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Checks and balances is a principle of government under which separate branches are empowered to prevent actions by other branches and are induced to share power (Encyclopedia Britannica). This principle is especially enforced in constitutional systems where the exercise of sovereign power must be strictly divided into the tripartite functions of government (legislative, executive, and judicial). From this perspective, the check and balances principle could be seen as a particular enactment of the separation of powers doctrine designed to a) avoid an excessive...
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