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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]


Asem Khalil

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 19 April 2021

Acquisition of citizenship — Loss of citizenship — Race and ethnicity

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1. According to Hannah Arendt (at 81), a citizen ‘is by definition a citizen among citizens of a country among countries. His rights and duties must be defined and limited, not only by those of his fellow citizens, but also by the boundaries of a territory’ (Bosniak (2000) 448; Bosniak (2005) 190). Such a political understanding of citizenship resonates well with the ancient Greeks. For Aristotle, a man was a political animal and, as a result, being a citizen was natural (Heater 3–4). A citizen is ‘one who participates in the rights of judging and governing’...
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