1. Executive privilege is a common law constitutional principle that permits some members of the executive, usually the most senior members such as a president, prime minister, or senior ministers, to withhold certain forms of communication or information from either the courts, from the legislature, or from both, where disclosure of these confidential communications would adversely affect the executive’s exercise of its functions. In some instances, it is also claimed as a constitutional basis for members of the executive to refuse to appear to answer questions...
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