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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Lay Judge

Masayuki Tamaruya

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 22 October 2021

Subject(s):
Citizens' duties — Terms of office of judges — Judicial power — Selection of judges — Jury — Comparative constitutional law

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1 Lay judges are members of the public who sit in judicial proceedings with professional judges to form a panel that makes a joint decision. They are selected from among ordinary citizens without particular legal training because their presence is thought to enhance the democratic value through civil participation (principle of participation) in the important phases of the justice system (duties of citizens). Through this form of participation, the views of the general public can be represented in the administration of justice, rather than all judicial decisions...
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