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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Naturalization

Dana Schmalz

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 08 May 2021

Subject(s):
Right to renounce citizenship — Requirements for birthright citizenship — Ceremonies and tests — Marital status — Requirements for naturalization — Residency requirements — Citizenship status of indigenous groups — Dual nationality — Conditions for revoking citizenship — Stateless persons

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1 Naturalization refers to the legal act or process by which an individual becomes a national of a state. Rules on naturalization complement the rules on acquisition of nationality and citizenship at birth, together they regulate membership in the state. Both citizenship at birth and naturalization in general build on an actual link between the individual and the state, reflecting that ‘nationality is a legal bond having as its basis a social fact of attachment’ (Nottebohm (Liechtenstein v Guatemala) (1955) (ICJ); Nottebohm Case). 2 At the outset, the terms...
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