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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Presidential Systems

Kevin YL Tan

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 September 2019

Constitutional processes — Legal system — Executive power — Heads of state and government — Structure of the Executive — Presidential systems — Checks and balances

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. Of the world’s political systems, the presidential system of government is the most common and popular ( forms of government ). This system of government has its origins in the American presidential system of government and its Constitution of 1787 , which created the office of ‘president’ as head of state. The word ‘president’ is derived from the Latin praesidens meaning ‘governor’ ( Chambers 835 ). The word was first used to describe the highest official in a government branch in 1532, when Alexander Mylne, Abbot of Cambuskenneth became the first Lord...
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