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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Regulation of Telecommunication

Yasuo Hasebe

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 June 2019

Data protection — Freedom of expression — Freedom of the press — Right to access to information — Telecommunication

Published under the direction of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law.
General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1. Telecommunication is defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) as ‘any transmission, emission or reception of signs, signals, writing, images and sounds, or intelligence of any nature by wire, radio, optical, or other electromagnetic systems’ (Annex to the ITU Constitution of 2011, 1012; International Telecommunication Regulation (ITR) of 1988, Art. 2.1). In constitutional law, telecommunication has been analysed from the aspects of freedom of expression and secrecy of communication, primarily in the fields of broadcasting, the Internet, and...
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