1. Constitutional and supreme courts have been seen as an essential part of the political system of constitutional democracies for quite some time. The first step on this success story was the creation of the Supreme Court of the United States in 1789, which served as model for several North-, Central-, and South American countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The creation of the Constitutional Court of Austria (Verfassungsgerichtshof) in 1920 is a second landmark of this story. If the United States (‘US’) Supreme Court inspired the creation of...
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