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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Supreme Federal Tribunal of Brazil (Supremo Tribunal Federal)

Brazil [br]

André Nunes Chaib, Gilmar Ferreira Mendes

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 19 April 2021

Subject(s):
Constitutions and international law — Supraconstitutional authority — Powers and jurisdiction of constitutional courts/supreme courts — Types of constitutional courts/supreme courts

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1. The Supreme Federal Tribunal of Brazil (‘STF’) is the highest institution of the Brazilian judiciary. It functions both as the apex court in the judicial system and as a constitutional court. In principle, the primary function of the STF is to safeguard the Constitution (Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil: 5 October 1988, Title IV, Chapter III, Section II, Art. 102 (Braz)). This, however, does not prevent it from dealing with questions that are not directly touching upon a violation of a constitutional rule or principle. The STF has a variety of...
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