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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Supreme Court of India

India [in]

Mahendra Prasad Singh

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 11 April 2021

Constitutional courts/supreme courts — Judiciary

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1. The Supreme Court sits at the apex of the integrated federal judiciary in India comprising the High Courts in the states and district courts and courts subordinate thereto. In the hierarchy of this general judiciary dealing with all kinds of civil, criminal, and family law cases (excepting courts-martial or military courts dealing with members of the armed forces subject to military laws), only the High Courts and the Supreme Court are also constitutional courts empowered to adjudicate disputes arising out of the fundamental rights of citizens, separation of...
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