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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law [MPECCoL]

Constitutional Court of Turkey (Anayasa Mahkemesi)

Turkey [tr]

Selin Esen

From: Oxford Constitutions (http://oxcon.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 19 April 2021

Judicial review of legislation — Judiciary — Political accountability — Checks and balances

General Editors: Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann, Rüdiger Wolfrum.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey

1. The Turkish Constitutional Court (TCC or ‘Court’) is one of the oldest constitutional courts in Europe. It was established following the new era of constitutionalism that emerged after the Second World War. Since its foundation, the Court has been a prominent institution in Turkish politics and the Turkish legal system. This study delineates the creation, composition, structure, and powers of the Court, together with some of its important jurisprudence. 2. The TCC was established by the 1961 Constitution which was drafted after the military coup of 27 May 1960...
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